Many toy dogs have gum disease. It often starts as early as a year old, or may not be a problem until they are 5 or older. Similar to human beings, it occurs from not keeping their teeth clean, there may be a hereditary factor, and it may be contagious from dog to dog!
Look particularly at the little upper front teeth. If there is redness, soreness, odor, and if the gums are receding from the teeth. You are in trouble.
Tooth Care Regimen
1. Brushing with pumice (available at amazon, use the extra fine)
3. Application of hydrogen peroxide mixed with baking soda to make a watery paste
4. 1 to 3 X a week
5. Bones, Chewers, and more Bones
6. Bad Breath: Antibiotics, clindamycin, available without a prescription called fishmycin, followed by brushing, scaling and peroxide paste
7. Gum disease, same treatment as 6.
8. Loose teeth don't worry, they will everntually come out on their own
9. Vet Care? Shouldn't be necessary
Brush with pumice, a non flavored tooth powder, not expensive, get it on amazon, the extra fine.
then apply the peroxide paste to areas of inflamation.
PEROXIDE PASTE: Make a little bit fresh each time you use it, just mix about a tsp of baking soda with a few drops of peroxide. Apply after brushing to areas of inflamation like under the upper lip or along the sides of the teeth.
Since I have been brushing with the pumice, very little scaling is necessary. sometimes just at the gum line, but be careful not to pinch or hurt the dog or you are done for the day.
Best way to hold the dog for dental scraping.
Scraping the back teeth
Favorite Tools: Sturdy, Sharp Dental Hooks
These were made for dogs. I found these at dog shows (not on the net)
It is common for dogs to accumulate debris from lint to dead grass at the base of the upper teeth. Try to get this out if you can. that is where the litle hooks come in but persistent brushing will also help
Treating Gum Disease
Clindamycin 150mg give one each day - Most effective for gum disease. often just 1 to 3 days dosing is all that is needed to improve gum disease.
The baking soda/peroxide is described for humans on-line and is a good tooth whitener. I tried it and it does not taste that bad.
You will be surprised at what your dog will tolerate if you are kind and don't hurt him.
There is a learning curve for both of you. Because the pumice has no taste, it is not disagreeable to the dog.
You will notice that one side of the mouth is usually cleaner than the other. this is because your dog is right or left mouthed and is similar to being right or left handed in humans.
You dont need to start using the pumice until you see tartar or inflamation of the gums. sometimes they have great teeth for 2 years but some start deteriorating as early as 8 months old. Stay on top of this and I have found that early treatment will arrest the disease. Often it only involves the front 4 teeth and once the two middle teeth are gone, the inflamation subsides.
This is not enamel hypoplasia which is entirely different and may not involve the gingiva. At this time there is no DNA test for early gingivitis. However bigger dogs tend to have less trouble than smaller dogs.